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Mandarin Chinese English   Mandarin Chinese English
shéi  谁 who   nǎ guórén  哪国人 Which nationality
shì  是 Is/am   yīngguó  英国 England
lǎoshī  老师 Teacher   měiguó  美国 America
xuésheng  学生 Student   zhōngguó  中国 China
rén  人 person   rìběn  日本 Japan
 他/她 he/she   (wǒ/nǐ/tā)men  我们 We/you-all/they
lèi tired   dōu  都 all
[person] = lǎoshī, xuéshēng, tā, wǒ, nǐ
[adjective] = hǎo, lèi, máng
[country] = yīngguó, měiguó , zhōngguó , rìběn

# Question Response
1 Nǐ shì lǎoshī ma?
(Are you the teacher?)
Shì, (wǒ shì lǎoshī.)
Búshì, (wǒ shì xuésheng.)
2 Shéi shì [lǎoshī/xuésheng]?
(Who is the teacher/student?)
Wǒ shì [lǎoshī/xuésheng].
Nǐ shì [lǎoshī/xuésheng].
Tā shì [lǎoshī/xuésheng].
3 Lǎoshī [adjective] ma?
(Is the teacher good/tired/busy?)
Shì. Lǎoshī hěn [adjective]
Búshì. Lǎoshī bù [adjective]
4 Nǐ shì [country] rén ma?
(Are you Chinese/American?)
Búshì, wǒ shì [country] rén.
5 Nǐ shì nǎ guó rén?
(What nationality are you?)
Wǒ shì [country] rén.
6 Shéi shì [country] rén?
(Who is English/Japanese?)
[person] shì [country] rén.
[person] yě shì [country] rén.

7 Nǐ shì xuésheng ma?
(Are you a student?)
Shì, wǒmen dōu shì xuésheng.
8 Nǐmen shì nǎ guó rén?
(What nationality are you?)
Wǒmen dōu shì [country] rén.
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