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Lesson 3 – Introductions, lesson plan

Practice: 他 , 累

  • Third person pronoun (singular)
  • Use the card deck of tired and happy people
  • Ask each student 他累吗?
  • Answer should be 累 or  不累

Explain: Family Name

  • In Chinese, the family name is first
  • This follows a grammar pattern that resonates throughout the language
  • In describing anything, the always move from the more general to the more specific
    • Dates start with the year and end with the day
    • Address start with the country, and end with the house number
  •  In China it is more common to hear people addressed by their family name
    • This is true even among friends and colleagues

Practice: 姓

  • Repeat after me: 我姓张
  • Point to each students name placard and have students repeat: 我姓[–]

Practice: 您贵姓

  • Whiteboard: Nín guì xìng – Wǒ xìng Wáng
  • This phrase means “What is your family name”,
  • It does not follow any grammar rules
  • 贵 normally means expensive, here it means “honorable”
  • This is the customary way to ask for someones name

Practice: 先生

  • Whiteboard: Zhāng xiānsheng
  • It means “Mr”
  • Address each male as [张]先生,have each student repeat

Practice: 小姐

  • Whiteboard: Zhāng xiáojiě
  • It means “Ms”
  • Address each female as [李]小姐
  • Have each student one at a time exchange 
    • 你好先生, as appropriate
    • 你好小姐, as appropriate

Practice: 什么

  • Whiteboard: Nǐ xìng shénme –  Wǒ xìng Wáng
  • It means “what?”
  • Note: the answer occupies the same position in the sentence as the question word
  • Note: you never use 吗 and 什么 together, because 吗 is only for confirmation
  • Have each student repeat 我姓[王] (so they can say their own name)
  • Now ask each student 你姓什么, they answer 我姓[王]

Practice: 叫

  • It means “called”
  • Have the class repeat each persons given name (from placard)
  • Have students repeat: 你叫什么? 
  • Now ask each student,and have them respond

Practice: 请问

  • Literally “please ask”, but actually means “I have a question”
  • In this classroom we often use 问
    • 你问他 (you ask him)
    • 我问你 (I am about to ask you)
    • 他问我 (he asked me)
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