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Vocabulary and Grammar for Lesson 5 (talking about drinks)

  • Point to each word, say it, and have students repeat
  • Any combination of words from each column is a valid sentence’,except
    • only use yì  with diǎn
    • don’ change the word order
subject verb number class noun
 yǒu diǎn chá
 yào liǎng píng shuǐ
 hē sān bēi píjiǔ

Practice: 水,茶,啤酒

  • Arrange bottles on the front table (一瓶水,两瓶茶,三瓶啤酒)
  • Point to each beverage, say its name, have them repeat
  • Then ask each student to say the name your point to

Practice: 有

  • It is a verb that means ” to have something”, learned in last lesson
  • Hand one bottle of water to half of the students
  • Ask 你有[水]吗?(Response: 有/没有 )
  • Be sure to give them a chance to say 没有 

Practice: 瓶,杯

  • These are nouns.  Remember what we learned last week?
  • Right! all nouns require classifier or measure word
  • Have students repeat, as you point to bottles:  一瓶水,两瓶茶,三瓶啤酒

Practice: 几

  • The question “你有几瓶水?” can answered  一瓶 , or 一瓶水, but not 一 
  • This is the equivalent of “one”
  • Say 一瓶,两瓶,三瓶, have students repeat
  • Use props to ask each student “几瓶[茶]”

Practice: 要

  • 我要[茶] (have students repeat)
  • 要 means to want something (say/repeat)
  • 不要 is don’t want something (say/repeat)
  • Ask student 你要[茶]吗?  Expect:要/不要
  • (give a hand signal for 不要)
  • Give a bottle to those who say “要”
  • Now ask each one

Practice: 喝

  • Action verb.  the first one we have learned
  • Have students repeat 我喝[水]
  • Note: this sentence is a little ambiguous, it could mean
    • I drink water / I don’t drink water
    • I will drink water / I will not drink water
  • Ask students: 你喝茶? Expect: 喝/不喝 

Practice: 一点

  • 点 means “dot” as a noun, or “a small amount” as an adjective
  • In 一点[水] it’s like a measure word that only takes 一(yì)
  • Have students repeat 我要一点[水]
  • Note that diǎn is like a classifier here

Practice: 还是

  • It is an actually a question word, no 吗 required
  • Have students repeat [水] 还是 [茶] (and other variations)
  • Ask each one 你喝[咖啡] 还是 [茶]?
  • Expect 我喝 [茶]

Practice: 好的,等一下,谢谢

  • These are polite expressions
  • 好的 – “okay”
  • 等一下 – “just a minute”
  • 谢谢 – “thank you”

Practice: 红,绿

  • These are adjectives describing color
  • Have students repeat 红茶 and 绿茶

Practice: 好喝

  • Means taste good (for beverages only, including soup)
  • Practice: Ask each student: 你的[啤酒]好喝吗?— 好喝!
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